Anjaneyasana: Lunge for the Sun
As a child, Anjaneya was a tad over-confident. Considering his origins, this is hardly unexpected. Born to Anjana (a supernatural woman) and Kesari (king of the monkeys), he had magical powers and royalty in his genetic inheritance. On top of all that, he was godson to the wind god, Vayu, and was considered to be a reincarnation of Lord Shiva.
So when he gazed upward one day and mistook the sun for a glowing piece of fruit, he naturally decided to make a giant leap for it, hoping to snatch it out of the sky. This he did repeatedly, unharmed by the sun’s scorching rays that would have dissolved mere mortals. When Suryadeva, the sun god, enlisted Indra, god among gods, to strike Anjaneya down, a power struggle of otherworldly proportions ensued, causing Vayu to leave in a huff, jeopardizing all life forms on Earth.
But unlike many members of Congress, even gods are willing to compromise. Indra agreed to make Anjaneya immortal if only Vayu would return to his post. Anjaneya was renamed Hanuman, the monkey god whose exploits I’ll reveal when I write about his famous namesake, Hanumanasana, a few months from now. Meanwhile, Anjaneya boasts his own pose. Anjaneyasana (Lunge Pose), a pose that expresses the human desire to leap up and capture that glowing fruit high in the sky.
Anjaneyasana combines grounding and expansion. Its skyward reach comes from its earthbound stability. It lengthens the quadricep and psoas muscles, extends the low back and expands the chest and abdomen. It energizes as it stabilizes balance.
I like to approach Anjaneyasana from Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Facing Dog pose). Begin on your hands and knees on a nonskid mat. Press your hands into the floor and lift your torso upward until your arms and legs are straight, your body forming an inverted “V” shape, with your sit bones at the apex. Take a few full breaths here.
Bend your knees, letting your weight settle into your feet, as if you’re preparing to jump forward. Spring your right leg forward so that it lands between your hands. If your leg is not feeling especially springy, you may take however many steps you need in order to place your foot even with your hands. Allow your left knee to come to the floor. Make sure your right foot is evenly planted on the floor—heel to toe and inside to outside—and your heel is directly below your knee. Press the right foot and left knee into the floor, then stretch the right knee forward and the left knee back so that the distance between them lengthens. If your left knee feels as if it’s grinding into the floor, you may place a blanket under it for padding.
Take care not to allow your left hip joint to hang toward the floor. This can irritate the hip flexor tendons and ligaments. Instead, draw the very top of your thigh slightly back toward your back thighs—millimeters—to stabilize your hip joint. With your hands on the floor, take a few deep breaths, imagining the breath moving all the way down into the left thigh muscles.
Reach for the Sun
Again grounding the right foot and left knee, lift the torso to upright, and place your hands on your right thigh. Take a few deep breaths. If you like, you can now extend your arms up vertically, and if your back is willing, tilt your torso back slightly so that your chest is looking skyward. Ground your legs as you reach upward. Take a few full breaths before returning your hands to the floor, returning to Dog Pose and repeating on your other side.
Donna Farhi came up with my favorite variation of Anjaneyasana—Parvrtta (Revolved) Anjaneyasana. My students love this pose too. From the Low Lunge, turn your right (front) foot out 90 degrees. Scoot the foot back so that it aligns with your left hipbone and sits about a foot or so out in front of your pelvis. Adjust the position of your foot so that it grounds evenly. Now turn your torso to face your right leg. Ground your left hand and extend the right arm toward the sky. If your arms are long enough, you might be able to circle your right arm back behind you and place your fingertips on the floor. If you do this variation, press both hands into the floor to rotate your ribs further and open your heart toward the sky. If your arms are not long enough to do this, continue to root your left hand as you reach your right arm upward. Take 5 to 10 deep breaths before rotating back to Low Lunge. Repeat on the other side.
It is helpful to remember that the power to spring skyward originates in a downward, rooting motion through your legs and feet. (Try jumping with straight legs, without first bending your knees and letting your weight sink into the ground.) Grounding the legs also balances the heating and cooling qualities of the pose, protecting us from agitation and overheating as we reach for the sun.
In Anjaneyasana, the grounding of the front foot and back knee stabilizes our balance, and allows for the full flowering of the upper body. It allows us mortal yoga practitioners to soak up Suryadeva’s luminous glow from the sustaining foundation of our own Mother Earth.