Shoulderstand: How to Invert Safely

This entry was posted on Jul 1, 2013 by Charlotte Bell.

Salamba Sarvangasana:  Bloom a New Perspective

Looking to see the world from a new perspective? Going upside-down is one way to shift your point of view—literally.

Inverted yoga poses are perfect for cultivating fertile creative ground in the body/mind. In addition to their many physical benefits, inversions are said to allow us to see with new eyes. When we turn upside down, the world looks different. The world hasn’t fundamentally changed of course; it is our relationship with it that has changed. This shift opens us to new perspectives, the foundation of creative blossoming.

Translated literally as “good-for-all-of-you” pose, Salamba Sarvangasana (Shoulderstand) is one of the fundamental asanas in yoga. Nicknamed the “Queen” of poses (Headstand is “King”), Shoulderstand improves balance, drains fluid from the lungs and legs, stretches the back of the neck and opens the heart. In the scale of heating to cooling poses—referring not only to temperature-raising or -lowering qualities, but also to the autonomic nervous system’s sympathetic “fight or flight” vs. parasympathetic “rest and digest” response—Salamba Sarvangasana sits just to the cooling, relaxing side of the center. If you thumb through the appendix of BKS Iyengar’s classic book, Light on Yoga, you will see that Salamba Sarvangasana is listed first or second as a therapeutic pose for almost every category of physical imbalance.

If I had to pick a pose that endures as my favorite after more than 30 years of practice, it would be Shoulderstand. My body almost audibly says “ahhhh” when I kick my legs up and settle onto my shoulders. Shoulderstand makes me happy both during and after I practice. It sets me up for the day.

Practice with Care

In order for Shoulderstand to live up to its many promises, it must be practiced with patience, mindfulness and care. If you have never practiced it, I highly recommend that you learn from an experienced teacher. If you have neck problems, retinal problems, glaucoma or heart problems, it is better not to practice Shoulderstand. That said, with proper support and guidance, some individuals with neck problems can practice safely. I have suffered several whiplash injuries, and have learned how to practice without injury. It is also advisable to avoid inversions during your menstrual period. If you have high blood pressure, an experienced teacher can guide you through the steps to safe practice.

I can’t stress adamantly enough the importance of practicing Shoulderstand with props. I’ve heard this story from several different Iyengar yoga teachers: In his early years of teaching, Iyengar’s students began to experience neck issues such as arthritis and degenerative disc disease from practicing Shoulderstand on the floor. This prompted him to devise a new way of practicing with blankets that literally saved his students’ necks. Elevating your shoulders and arms on a stack of blankets while your head rests on the floor accomplishes two things: It keeps the neck from flexing past 75 degrees, the maximum angle that most cervical spines are able to bend forward. It keeps the weight of the body off the fragile cervical vertebrae and intervertebral discs.

How to Practice Shoulderstand

Place a nonskid mat perpendicular to a bare wall. Fold three to five firm (wool, thick cotton or quilted) blankets so that they are approximately 18 to 24 inches by 24 to 36 inches. Stack the blankets on top of each other with all their main folds facing away from the wall on the nonskid mat, with the wide side is parallel to the wall. Your stack should be four to six inches or more in height. Start with more height if you have neck issues or if your neck is long. Adjust the position of your blankets so that the folded edges are about 28 to 30 inches from the wall. Depending on your height, you may need to adjust this distance.

Sit on your blanket stack with your left shoulder facing the wall. Gently roll back and swing your legs up so that they touch the wall. Your head will rest on the floor with the tops of your shoulders resting about three inches from the edge of the blankets. Place your arms next to your sides, palms down.

On an exhalation, press your arms into your blankets and your feet against the wall, and curl your abdominal muscles in to lift your pelvis up. Your shoulders should be close to but not over the edge of your blankets. Clasp your hands and stretch your arms out along your blankets, rocking side to side to situate yourself onto the tops of your shoulders. Then bend your elbows, taking care to keep your elbows no wider than shoulder-width apart, and place your hands on your back for support. Now plant your base—your shoulders, upper arms and elbows—to lift higher onto your shoulders. Stay for five to ten deep breaths.

Very important: Do not turn your head while in Shoulderstand, as this may occlude your carotid artery and result in a blackout. Instead, lengthen your throat and the front of your cervical spine. Relax your throat, jaw, facial muscles and eyes.

To release the pose, exhale and lower your upper back, lower back and finally the pelvis down onto your blankets. Slide off the blankets toward your head so that your pelvis rests on your blankets and your shoulder blades and head rest flat on the floor. Place the soles of your feet together and relax your knees out to the sides. Relax here for three to five minutes to allow your body to integrate the effects of inverting. Observe what you feel. What shifted in Shoulderstand? How is your breathing? How is your heart rate?

I strongly suggest that beginners practice at a wall for at least a few months, if not longer, before straightening the legs to vertical. A teacher experienced in teaching Shoulderstand with blanket support can help you decide when you are ready to move away from the wall, and when to increase your time in the pose.

Geeta Iyengar’s book, Yoga: A Gem for Women, claims that Shoulderstand nourishes the throat, home of the thyroid and parathyroid glands by bringing fresh blood into the area. The throat is also the home of your vishuddha chakra, the chakra governing creativity and expression. In my experience, Salamba Sarvangasana, as its name says, is truly good for everything on all levels—physical, mental and emotional. Practiced with patience and care, Shoulderstand can relax and calm, as it opens you to fresh perspectives.

About Charlotte Bell
Charlotte Bell discovered yoga in 1982 and began teaching in 1986. Charlotte is the author of Mindful Yoga, Mindful Life: A Guide for Everyday Practice and Yoga for Meditators, both published by Rodmell Press. Her third book is titled Hip-Healthy Asana: The Yoga Practitioner’s Guide to Protecting the Hips and Avoiding SI Joint Pain (Shambhala Publications). She writes a monthly column for CATALYST Magazine and serves as editor for Yoga U Online. Charlotte is a founding board member for GreenTREE Yoga, a non-profit that brings yoga to underserved populations. A lifelong musician, Charlotte plays oboe and English horn in the Salt Lake Symphony and folk sextet Red Rock Rondo, whose DVD won two Emmy awards in 2010.

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